Basic Aikido/Aikijujitsu Vocabulary


   
Age uchi: also know as "age tuski", rising vertical fist strike/puunch.
Ago: chin oor jaw.
Agatsu: slef victory.
Ai-hanmi: when the partners are facing each other in a mutaul triangular stance with the same foot forward.
Ai nuke: mutual escape.
Aiki: the unifying or harmonizing of Ki.
Aikibudo: name for Aikido, which O'Sensei choose from Bujutsu, circa 1936 to 1942.
Aikido: the way to harmonize mind, body, and spirit, offically recognized as the name of the founders art in February, 1942.
Aikidoka: a practioner of Aikido.
Aikikai: the name of the Aikido school recognized by the Aikido World Headquarters.
Aiki-ken: swordsmanship in accordance with Aiki principles.
Aikido Hombu:  headquarters dojo of the Suennaka-style, philosophical way of Aikido.
Aiki-no-kokoro: the spirit of Aikido.
Aiki O-Kami: great spirit of Aikido; supreme symbol of Aikido ideals.
Aiki Otoshi: side drop, entering more deeply and picking up Uke's off side leg.
Aiki Taiso: Aikido warm up excersies.
Aite: partner.
Ai uchi: mutual kill.
Ame No Tori-fume: rowing movements.
Ashi Sabaki: foot work.
Asoko: over there.
Atama: head.
Atemi Waza: striking techniques.
Atoshi Baraku: a little more time left, about 30 seconds.
Awase: partner practice, blending.
Ayumi-ashi: crossing feet.
Bo: six foot wooden staff.
Bo Tori: long staff taking.
Bokken: a wooden sword.
Budo: any Japanese martial art.
Bujutsu: technical fighting.
Bushi: man of war, warrior.
Bushido: the warriors way.
Bushin: highest level of spritual communion.
Chidori-ashi: a cross over zig zag step.
Chokusen:  direct.
Chokusen No Irimi: direct entry behind the Uke.
Chokkaku: right angles.
Chudan:  middle body position (of hands, sword, etc.).
Chusin: the center of ones movement or balance.
Chusoku: kicking with the ball of the foot.
Dan: a class of rank; level of black belt.
Deia: suppression of your opponent at the moment of his attack.
Deia Osae suppressing an attack.
Dosai: basic movements, more commonly called "kihom - waza."
Dojo: a place where martial arts training takes place.
Domo Arrigato (Gozaimashita): thank you (very much).
Doshu: the title of the present leader of Aikido.
Dozo: please go ahead.
Empi: elbow.
Empi uchi: elbow strike.
Eri: collar or lapel.
Eri Dori: an attack in which the collar is grabbed.
En No Irimi: circular entry, the irimi technique is which one enters the Uke circularly.
Fundo No Shesei: immovable posture; standing or stiitng, one must always be in an immovable posture, not rigid but unpreturbable.
Fukushindoin: first level instructor.
Furisute: swing.
Gaeshi: outward turning movement.
Ganseki  Otoshi: arm bar with Uke's elbow braced over Nage's shoulder.
Gedan: lower level, sword and hands hekd at a lower level.
Geri: kick.
Gi: practice uniform.
Godan: fifth Dan black belt.
Go no sen: taking the initiative, sensing physical movement.
Goshin: self-defense.
Gokkyo: Aikido fifth priciple; in which the wrist is held palm up; usually employed against a knife attack.
Gyaku: reverse.
Gyaku-hanmi: the partners stand in opposite triangular stances.
Hachidan: 8th Dan, black elt level, rank, degree.
Hajime: begin.
Hakama: long split skirit for formal wear; gennerally worn by Ydansha.
Haishu uchi finger flick to eyes.
Hanmi: triangular stance, Aikido's basic on guard stance.
Hanmi handachi: Nage is in sitting posture when Uke attacks from a standing posture.
Hantai: reverse, opposite, the other way/side.
Happo: eights directions.
Happo Giri: cutting in eight directions with a bokken.
Hara: abdomen; tanden.
Hasso no kame: figure eight stance (sorb/jo at side of head).
Henka: same as jiyu waxa; free stly one on one randori.
Hidari: left (Migi).
Hiraki ashi: rear foot moves forward to face opponent, front foor turns to establish feet in kame but with opposite foot forward.
Hitomei: equal stance.
Hiza geri: knee kick.
Hiji: elbow.
Hiji ate: elbow strike.
Hijitori: elbo grab.
Hiji ue-zoe: grasp top of the elbow.
Ho: a method.
Hombu Dojo: Aikido headquarters and training hall.
Hyoshi: timing.
Iaido: (ia-jutsu) the way of perfectio with a sword.
Iai goshi: hips lowered in a stable position.
Ikkyo: the first principle of Aikido; a wrist technique, generally palm down, in which the arm is held without applyinfg pressure to the joints.
Ippon ken: one knuckle punch.
Irimi: the second pillar of Aikido; a motion in which the Nage moves directly towards the Uke.
Irimi nage: a throwing technique employing an "entering" movement or motion.
Iwama: place where the Aiki Shrine and O'Sensei's country dojo and home are located, in Ibaraki Prefecture.
Jiyu waza: free style practice, free attack/free defense one on one.
Jiju waza using multiple attackers like randori only having set attacks and predetermined speed
Jo: usually a four foot wooden staff.
Jodan: upper level; holding hands or sword at the upper level.
Jodan Gaeshi: a hig throw or cutting motion with a sword.
Jo kata: sequential movements with a Jo.
Jo tori: techniques applied against a Jo (wooden staff).
Juji nage: a type of throw in which the Nage uses the pressure of crossing Uke's arms against each other.
Juji waza: a cross armed technique.
Kaeshi waza: reverse or counter technique.
Kaiten: to open and turn, to revolve (thr tird pillar of Aikido).
Kaiten nage: a throw in which the Nage employes a spinning motion to throw Uke forward; pressure is exerted by holding Uke's head down and pushing the arm diagonally.
Kakuto: bent wrist strike.
Kame: this is a combative stance assumed when facing an oppenent.
Kamiza: upper seat on the mat, reserved for O'Sensei.
Kata: a fixed form of sequential movements.
Katame waza: holding down or pinning techniqies.
Kata-otoshi: shoulder drop.
Katate: one hand.
Katate dori: an attack in which Uke grabs the Nage's wrist (hand) on the same side.
Katate dori ryote mochi:  
Kata dori: an attack in which the Uke grabs the Nage's lapel or shoulder.
Kata ue: above the shoulder.
Kansetsu waza:  joint manipulation techniques.
Kaotuski: punch to the face.
Keiko: practice, timing of the spirit.
Kensho: enlightenment.
Kentsui uchi: hammer fist strike.
Ki: inner or universal energy derived based on calmness.
Kiai: full of KI; a piercing shout; life force, inner strength, spirit meeting.
Ki musubi: point of contact where Nage's ki is blended with Uke's ki.
Ki no musubi: literally, knoting/tying-it up.
Ki no nagare: free flowing with KI.
Kihon waza: very basic and formal way of doing a technique.
Kin geri: groin kick.
Kinteki: groin.
Kio tsuke: attenetion.
Kogi-fune-undo: "rowing the boat", warm up excersie.
Kokyu: breathing power, breathing with KI.
Kokyu ho: the method of coordinating breath power and body movement to increase one's Ki power (the fourth pillar of Aikido).
Kokyu dosa: excersie in sitting position, pinning with KI.
Kokyu-rokyu: breath power emanating from your center, the abdomen.
Kokyunage: breath throw employing no joint locks.
Koshinage: a throw in which Uke is thrown over Nage's hips.
Koshin: moving backwards.
Kosa: cross, crossed.
Kosa dori: cross hand attack in which Uke grabs Nage's wrist (hand).
Kotegaeshi: wrist out turn thrrow.
Kuzushin: disruption of balance.
Kuzushi: disruption of your opponents balance.
Kubi: neck or throat.
Kubishime: neck or throat choke.
Kudan: 9th Dan, black belt level, rank, degree.
Kumijo: jo matching excersie or partner practice.
Kyo: hollow state of mind.
Kyu: any belt rank below Shodan.
Ma ai: the proper distance and timing between Nage and Uke, This distance will very depending on the size and speed of the Nage.
Mae: front.
Mae geri: front kick.
Mae ukemi: forward roll fall.
Mae sutemi: forward break fall
Mageru: bend.
Makiwari: striking post, punching board.
Manotoriki: distancing.
Masakatsu: true victory.
Mate: wait.
Mawarikomi: circling.
Mawashi geri: roundhouse kick.
Mensen: eye vector.
Menuchi: strike to the face.
Migi: right.
Misogi: act of purification of mind and body through proper breathing.
Morote: two hands, both hands.
Morote dori: an attack in which Uke grabs one of Nage's wrist or forearm with both hands.
Moksuo: meditation.
Mune dori: chest grab.
Mune tuski: punch to the abdomen or upper chest.
Mushin: literally NO mind.
Nagare: flow; the unbroken projection of KI during the execution of a technique.
Nage: the partner executing the technique.
Nagashi: sweeping, guiding.
Naname: diagonal.
Neko-ashi-dachi: cat stance.
Nidan: 2nd Dan. Black belt level, rank, degree.
Nikkyo: one of the wrist techniques in which pressure is applied on the wrist towards the Uke's body.
Nukite: spear hand thrust.
Ninjyo: compassion.
Obi: belt.
Oi tuski: lunge punch.
Okori: starting.
Omote: based on "irimi movementstarting" and is done goin across the Uke's front.
Onegai shimasu: I welocme you to trian with me.
Osae: a pin, a method of holding Uke down.
Osae waza: pinning techniques (the fifth pillar of Aikido).
O'Sensei: Morihei Ueshiba the founder of Aikido.
Osoto: outer.
Otoshi: a drop; dropping; to drop.
Oyo waza: techniques with practical application for self defense.
Rei, ojigi: proper bow.
Rei: command to bow.
Reigi: proper etiquette.
Rokudan: 6th Dan, black belt level, rank degree.
Ryote: both hands.
Ryote dori: an attack in which Uke grabs both of Nage's wrists or forearms with both of his/her hands.
Randori: free style fighting all out training withthree or more attackers (Ukes).
Sabaki: movement.
Sandan: 3rd Dan, black belt level, rank, degree.
Sankaku no irimi: triangular entry, one step irimi.
Sankyo: on of the techniques in which pressure is applied against the wrist in a twisting motion towards Uke.
Satori: enlightenment.
Sayu undo: left-right excerise.
Sensei: respected teacher.
Sen no sen: seizing the initiative earlier, senseing mental movement.
Sen sen no ssen: suppressing your opponents desire to attack.
Seiken mawashi-uchi: roundhouse or hook punch.
Seiza: proper sitiing.
Sempi: a student senior to oneself.
Shichidan: 7th Dan, black belt level, rank, degree.
Shihan: Master instructor.
Shiho-gari: four direction cut; the basic Aikido sword movements.
Shihounage: four sided throw (the first pillar of Aikido).
Shikaku: blind spot; spotbehindand to the side of the opponent; also known as the dead zone/angle.
Shikko: a technique of walking on ones knees; also known as the Samurai walk.
Shime: choke.
Shime waza: choking techniques.
Shodan: 1st Dan, black belt level, rank, degree.
Shomen ate: down ward shuto strike to the faces; also know as "shuto gammen-uchi".
Shomenuchi: an attack in which Uke strikes at Nage's face with an open hand strike.
Shuto: a strike using the side or knife blade of the hand.
Soeru: grasp.
Sokumen: side.
Sokumen no irimi: side entry.
Soto kaiten: an outside turning motion.
Soto Kin:  
Soto mawari: turning out; movement to the side of the Uke.
Suburi: basic jo or bokken practice in striking or thrusting.
Suigetsu: solar plexus.
Suihei: horizontal.
Suki: opening gap, vulnerability, careless movement.
Sumi gaeishi: corner throw.
Sumi otoshi: corner drop.
Sunage:  
Sutemi: hard fall.
Suwari: seated.
Suwari waza: Nage annd Uke perform techniques in the sitting position.
Suri ashi: sliding step.
Tachi dori: defense techniques applied against attacks with a boken.
Tachi waza: techniques done with Nage and Uke standing.
Tai atari: entering and blocking.
Tai atari unchi otoshi: from yokomen-uchi, entering and blocking, Uke gets thrown backwards.
Tai no tenkan: body turn.
Taijutsu: body arts, i.e. unarmed practice.
Tai sabaki: body movement; body movement in Aikido should be free flowing, natural and prudent.
Tanden: center.
Tanto: a wooden knife.
Tanto dori: defense techniques applied against a knife attack(s).
Tateru: raise.
Tate tuski: vertical fist punch.
Te: empty hand.
Te sabaki: hand movement.
Teisho: palm heel strike.
Te gatana: the sword hand.
Tekubi: wrist.
Tekubi shindo undo: wrist shaking exercise.
Tenchi: heaven and earth.
Tenchinage: heaven and earth throw; a type of irimi nage in which Nage breaks Uke's balacne by extending one hand up and the other down while moving  towards Uke.
Tenkan: a motion in which Nage turns or pivots away from the attack.
Tenshin: a movement were Nage retreats 45 degrees away from the attack.
Torimasen: unacceptable.
Tsuki: basic punch, usually a revers thrust punch.
Uchi: a strike.
Uchi kaiten: an inside turing motion.
Udekimenage: a type of throw applying pressure to the underside of the elbow.
Uke: the partner initiating the attack.
Ukemi: protective falling.
Ukenagashi: collapsing arm parry.
Undo: exercise of drill.
Ura: techinques executed behind Uke.
Uraken tuski: back fist or back knucle punch.
Ushiro: attacks in which Uke attacks Nage from bhind
Ushiro hiji dori: Uke graps Nage's elbows from behind.
Ushiro katate dori: Uke grasp one of Nage's hands from behind.
Ushiro kata dori: Uke grasp one of Nage's shoulders from behind.
Ushiro kubishime: an attack in which Uke grabs one of Nage's wrist from behind and chokes Nage with the other arm.
Ushiro ryokata dori: an attack in which Uke grabs both of Nage's shoulders from behind.
Ushiro tekubi dori: an attack in which Uke grabs both of Nage's wrist from behind.
Ushiro dori: Uke wraps his arms around Nage from behin: commonly known as a bear hug.
Ushiro udoroshi: pull down from behind.
Ushiro ukemi: backward roll fall.
Ushiro sutemi: backward break fall.
Ushrio waza: rear techniques, when being attacked from behind or rear (the sixth pillai of Aikido).
Wajutsu: the techniqu of coordination.
Waza: technique.
Yame: stop.
Yakusoku: prearranged.
Yoko: side.
Yoko geri: basic side snap kick.
Yokomenuchi: An attack in which Uke sword strikes at the side of Nage's neck or shoulder.
Yoko ukemi: side fall.
Yondon: 4th Dan, black belt level, rank, degree.
Yonkyo: a technique in which pressure is applied against Uke's forearm.
Yoi: ready. Preparation.
Yoi-ashi: sliding feet.
Yubi: fingers.
Yudansha: holder of black belt rank.
Zanshin: unbroken concertration, Zanshin is the "follow through" of a technique.
Zen: a form of meditation based on Japanese philosophy.